Huíla Geo-Demographic Data
- Total Area - 75,002 km2
- Population - 2,354,398
- Temperature – 20°C
- Climate - Tropical Semiarid
- 13 Municipalities
The province of Huíla is located in the Southwest of Angola, having a rectangular shape, and an estimated population of about 2.3 million inhabitants.
Huíla borders to the west with the provinces of Namibe and Benguela, to the north with Benguela and Huambo, to the east with Bié and Kuando Kubango; the southernmost part of the province is bordered by the province of Cunene. The western limits of the province are geographically well defined as they largely coincide with the escarpment of the mountain range that in the southwest of the province is called “Serra da Chela”.
With the exception of the Northwest, the entire territory of the province of Huíla is located at an altitude of more than 1,000 meters.
Huíla is divided into 13 municipalities:
- Jamba (Mineira)
Huíla is practically all located in the zone of alternately wet and dry climates of the intertropical regions, with the exception of the South and Southwest of the province, where the influence of the tropical calm zone is clear. The climate is generally hot or tropical (average annual temperature greater than 20°C), but in areas located at higher altitudes it can be classified as temperate (temperate – hot), as is the case at Humpata stations (17.2°C), for example. ), Tchivinguiro (17.8°C), Lubango (18.6°C), Kuvango (19.5°C), Quipungo (19.6°C) and Caconda (20.0°C).
Huilana vegetation varies greatly depending on the factors it depends on, such as climate, soil type and human activity. Thus, vegetation stands out such as: open forests (brachystegia and julbernardia), dense forest (xerophytic vegetation), balsedos, pseudo-steppe formation, and vegetation consisting of very rare herb strata in which the predominant species is the simplex loudetia.
The elephant, lion, sable, olongo, guelengue and buffalo stand out in the province.
The population comes from 6 groups: Nyaneka, Nkhwnbi, Umbundo, Nganguela, Tchokwe and Herera.
The most widely spoken language in the province is Olunyaneka-Nkumbi. In the eastern part, in the municipalities of Jamba and Kuvango there are two variants of the Nanguela language: Nyemba, which is spoken between Dongo and Jamba, passing through the south of Chipindo and Galangue and entering Kuando – Kubango, and Nanguela itself. , which is spoken in the municipality of Kuvango.
Agriculture was the main objective of Sá da Bandeira, with wheat being the main production. However, cattle quickly became the region's greatest wealth. The ox is still a symbol of wealth today.
When transport became mechanical and roads good
access roads, commerce was established and also industry quickly. The tanneries and mills took the lead. Metallurgy, footwear, lard, sausage, ceramics, wood and soft drinks followed in importance.
Since 1999, the private industrial sector has grown, with the emergence of new units for the transformation of granite (ornamental rocks), a factory for zinc artefacts, mattresses and wood processing.
There are a number of companies in the province with capacity, for ex
execution of public and private works, and the ceramic industries, derived from cement, carpentry and aluminum frames operate.
The agricultural situation in Huíla province is characterized by an emerging private sector that tends to restore the production levels of agricultural units, and a traditional sector, which mainly produces subsistence products.
The province is rich in Iron, Gold, Kaolin, Diamonds, Manganese, Mica, Black Granite and mineral water.
The typical craft is made with wood and stone. The paintings also have some expression. The products are sold in stores in the city of Lubango and in some hotels.
The Capital, Lubango
The capital of Huíla province is Lubango, formerly Sá da Bandeira, a city in southern Angola, located on the Angolan plateau.
João António de Aguiar carried out the urbanization plan for the city, one of the most beautiful in Angola. In addition to Lubango, connoisseurs point to Huíla as the most beautiful region in Angola, containing in fact the most enchanting landscapes in Angola,
like Serra da Leba, the rapids of Tundavala or Nossa Senhora do Monte.
Lubango was also one of the first cities in the interior to have a high school, not only the Diogo Cão National High School, but also the Artur de Paiva Industrial and Commercial School, as well as the Tchivinguiro Agricultural Institute.
Luanda is 1,015km away and Namibe is 225km from Lubango.
Huíla has its population centers linked together, and is connected to the rest of the country through the road network.
It also has a railway line that connects it to Namibe and Kuando Kubango and air connections that connect it to Luanda, Benguela and Namibia.
Air connections with the rest of the country are made through Mucanca Airport, located next to the exit to the south of the city of Lubango. There are also unpaved runways at Jamba, Caconda, Caluquembe and a paved runway at Matala, which allows the operation of medium and large aircraft.
Access by road is through the provinces of Namibe, Huambo, Benguela, and Cunene.
Tundavala crevices – in Lubango, from the top of the hill, there is a magnificent and total view of the crevices and part of the province.
Serra da Leba is one of the postcards of the province and the country. The paved road that goes from Lubango to Namibe follows the mountain with the peculiar shape of a snake.
The Boca da Humpata Viewpoint – located at the exit of Lubango towards Namibe.
Bicuar National Park – has an area of 7,900 km², and was established as a hunting reserve in 1938 and elevated to a national park in 1964. One of the most relevant existing species is the black buffalo and the flora is quite diversified.
The Guelengue and Dongo Forest Reserve – has an area of 1,200 km² and is limited by the Chicusse, Chissanda, Cusso, Cussava and Cunene rivers. The predominant vegetation type is miombo and savannah.
Other natural wonders of this province are the Huíla Waterfall, the Humpata Zootécnica Station Waterfall, the Ondimba Caves and Lake, the Tchivinguiro Lagoon, the Quipungo Lagoon and the Bimbe Viewpoint.
Places to visit
- Former Government Palace, built in 1887.
- Huíla Mission Church, built in 1880.
- Old Town Hall, built between 1900 and 1915.
- Former Railway Station, built between 1905 and 1923.
- Garden –in Praça 1º de Maio, in Lubango, recently renovated.
- Chapel of Nossa Senhora do Monte, in Lubango, was built in 1919.
- Cristo Rei Monument, built between 1945 and 1950, is located in Ponta do Lubango.
- Fortress of Caconda, built in 1682.
- The Barracões, a historic place where the city's founders were welcomed in 1884-1885.