Moxico Geo-Demographic Data
- Total Area - 223,023 Km2
- Population - 727,594
- Temperature - 23°C
- Climate – Wet Tropical
- 9 Municipalities
Moxico province is located in the east of Angola and is the largest province with an area of 223,023 Km2. It presents itself as a relatively uniform flat region, covered by a sandy Kalahari mantle, which slopes gently to the east and south, with altitudes between 1,000 and 1,500 meters forming the "anharas" or "chanas", flat extensions covered with herbaceous plants and subject to more or less prolonged flooding during the rainy season.
It consists of the following municipalities:
- Upper Zambezi
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Its capital is Luena, formerly called Vila Luso. It is 1,314 km from Luanda and 265 km from Saurimo.
The climate is tropical hot and humid with an average temperature of 22ºC and the characteristics of two seasons: rainy and dry.
Luena airport receives large aircraft. For small planes, there are airports at Cazombo and Lumbala Nguimbo.
Access by road can be made by the two Lundas, Malanje, Kwanza-Norte and Luanda.
The local culture is made up of the Tchokwes, Luchazes, Luvales, Umdundus, Lunda-Dembos, Bundas tribes and other minor linguistic ethnic groups.
The most spoken language is Tchokwe.
These populations have reasonable knowledge of the environment where they live and try to take advantage of it. These are peoples who generally dedicate themselves to a type of agriculture almost solely for subsistence, as the natural resources provide them with important benefits with hunting, river fishing and the collection of honey and wax.
They practice the cult of ancestors and venerate the “elders” and their magical-religious beliefs are very strong, determining economic and social life.
The institutions of traditional power in Moxico are supported by religion, kinship and social organization.
The mainstay of food is xima, made from cassava flour, which can be supplemented with herbs, cassava leaves, beans or game meat or fish.
Historically, agriculture constitutes the base of the socio-economic development of the Province, having as fundamental cultures: rice, cassava, vegetables, maize, sorghum, millet.
Moxico has the production of millet, sweet potato, citrus, sunflower, vinegar, rice, cassava, corn, wood.
In livestock, it is a beef producer.
In this Angolan province the following minerals are extracted: coal, copper, manganese, iron, diamonds, gold, tungsten, tin and millibdenum, uranium, lignite and the present industry is construction materials.
There is great artisanal fishing in the region, as Moxico has several rivers, lakes and lakes. In the rainy seasons this potential is extended, as many regions of the province are flooded.
There is large forest exploitation in the municipalities of Moxico (Chicala, Cangumbe, Lungué-Bungo), Camanongue, Léua (Chafinda), Luau (Ngoana) and Alto Zambeze (Cavungo and Macondo). The wood logs are exported for consumption on the coast and abroad, and a part is also used locally.
The population also deals with handicrafts, such as clay pottery, fibers and sculpture, which are mainly sold in markets.
This region has a rich flora, with a vast diversity of trees.
In some trees in the province, such as mussixi, mumanga, muvuca, mussamba, mucuwe, among others, bees use the juice after the germination of the flowers to transform it into honey. This honey is known for its medicinal characteristics.
There are also several animals, such as the jaguar, nusse, wild hare, pacaça, elephant, sable, among others.
Several animals, such as the Guelengues, are returning to the province.
In Moxico there are large forest patches with species of remarkable commercial value and extensive swamps, with a plant covering dominated by herbaceous communities, sometimes with underdeveloped forest galleries along the rivers. Dry dense forest and open forest with savannah are also frequent in this area.
In the Upper Zambezi there appears, in addition to a part that is an extension of the soft relief peneplain of the eastern centre, a line of elevations (Calunda) with more than 1500 meters of altitude, the most remarkable in the entire province, where rapids and rapids are found. waterfalls, highlighting the beautiful landscape provided by the Quedas do Luizabo.
In the southwestern part (W-SW) are the Kuito and Kanavale rivers, which drain into the Kuando.
In the northern part, the festus line that runs from west to east, marks the watershed of the two large hydrographic networks: the Zaire, with its Kassai tributary, the Zambezi, with its tributaries Luena, LunguéBungo, Chifumaje , Lumeje and Lumbala.
Zambezi River, Moxico, Photo Portal de Angola
These rivers have many meanders that, at times, are confused with lakes that allow important fishing activity for the lives of populations.
- Lakes and Lagoons of Calundo, Dilolo, Lalundo and Chivumangue
- Lunega Pinto, Luena and Sacassanga rivers, where there are tourist recreation areas
- Cassai and Luizavo river falls
- Katupe Forest Reserve, with an area of 150 km², this reserve is limited to the north by the Luce and Lue rivers, to the east by the Condoge river, to the south by the Londoge river and to the west by the Lué river
- Lucusse Forest Reserve, which is limited to the north by the Luchibe river, to the west by the Cuele river, to the east by the Mundoia river and to the south by the Lungue-Bungo river. It has an area of 2,450 km2
- Cassai Forest Reserve, which is limited to the north by the cassai river, to the west by the Lue river, to the south and east by the Munhango river. It has an area of 190Km²
- Cameia National Park,– established as a national park in 1957, and where several species of fish can be found, such as caqueia, mussata, among others, and animals such as jaguars, nusses, pacaças and sables. It has an area of 14,450 km². It is limited to the north by the Benguela railway, to the south by the Luena river, to the west by the Lumege river and to the east by the Luangunge, Chifumagi, Zambezi and Lulua rivers.
- Luena Forest Reserve– it has an area of 1,800 km². It is bordered by the Luena and Canage rivers.
- Macondo Forest Reserve with an area of 750 km²
- Luisavo Forest Reserve with 400 km²
- Ruins of Moxico Velho
- Archaeological remains of the Cassai-Cawéwé river – where there are stones engraved with footprints of people, animals, among other signs
- Dilolo's Fort
The City parties take place in September. One of the main regional festivities is Mukanda (Circumcision).
Some of the typical dishes are fresh and dried mushrooms, funge de bombó and dishes with dried and fresh meat.